China’s Arctic Policy and its Potential Impact on Canada’s Arctic Security

This article originally featured in The Canadian Naval Review and is republished with permission. Read it in its original form here. By Sherman Xiaogang Lai The People’s Republic of China (PRC) is not an Arctic country but it was admitted into the Arctic Council in 2013, making the total at that time 12. (Today there are eight member states, plus 13 observer states as well as 13 inter-governmental organizations, and 13 non-governmental organizations.) The PRC is, nevertheless, not content with its current status and is determined to increase its voice…

U.S. Criticism of South America Policy ‘Slanderous’

China lashed out angrily on Monday at Secretary of State Mike Pompeo for criticizing Chinese policy in South America. The Chinese Foreign Ministry said Pompeo’s remarks were “lies” and accused him of using “wantonly slanderous, deliberately instigating, irresponsible, and unreasonable” rhetoric. During an interview about the situation in Venezuela on Friday, Pompeo said the idea of “the totalitarian, Orwellian state of communism is being rejected by the people of South America” and called it “glorious.” “We’re convinced that democratic values and institutions, the things that we care so deeply about…

Indonesia General Elections 2019: An assessment of potential post-poll impact on foreign policy

Indonesia’s upcoming general elections will see a rematch between incumbent President Joko Widodo (commonly called ‘Jokowi’) and his long-time rival, retired lieutenant general Prabowo Subianto. This paper examines the potential impact of the elections on Indonesia’s foreign policy, especially on the country’s maritime relations with India and other major powers. In the 2014 elections, the Visi-Misi (or election manifesto) of the incumbent president made prominent mention of Indonesia’s maritime relations. The 2019 manifesto hardly talks about maritime issues, and instead focuses on Indonesia’s domestic goals. If Jokowi wins a second…

China’s assertive maritime policy is older than Xi

Author: Andrew Chubb, Columbia-Harvard China and the World Program The toughening of China’s policies in the South and East China Seas is widely regarded as a defining characteristic of Xi Jinping’s foreign policy. But while it is true that the PRC has become more assertive in its maritime disputes under Xi, China had already been on such a trajectory since 2006. Many changes in China’s maritime dispute behaviour under Xi may be better understood as continuities. States’ maritime dispute policies comprise three levels of actions: publicly declared policies (declarative), unilateral…

‘Muddling through’: Britain’s China policy condemned

The committee heard evidence from former Prime Minister Kevin Rudd and cited Australia’s own foreign interference debate heavily. Loading It urged Britain to work closely with its allies to form a co-ordinated approach to China and criticised the current approach of viewing Sino-UK relations solely through an economic prism. “It risks prioritising economic considerations over other UK strategic interests, values and national security,” the report said. “The UK needs a single, detailed document defining a national strategy towards China, endorsed at Cabinet level. This will be an essential guide to…

China’s Scare Tactics Prompt U.S. Fears of a Clash Over Taiwan – Foreign Policy

JOINT BASE PEARL HARBOR-HICKAM, Hawaii—U.S. military forces in the Pacific are alarmed by what they see as an increasingly capable China using military intimidation and economic coercion to bully its smaller neighbors. So far, these tactics fall short of actual armed conflict. But U.S. defense officials here and in Washington, most of whom spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss a sensitive topic, say if the United States does not stay on alert in the region, Beijing could use force to advance its interests—and Taiwan in particular is a major…

A Rising China Is Driving the U.S. Army’s New Game Plan in the Pacific – Foreign Policy

FORT SHAFTER, Hawaii—As an organization based solidly on dry land, the U.S. Army’s increasing focus on the Pacific might seem puzzling to some. But with China continuing to expand its military, building islands in the South China Sea, and spreading fear among neighbors, the Army wants to up its game in the region with more firepower and additional rotations of U.S. troops—not only to reassure key U.S. allies such as Japan, South Korea, and Thailand that the United States has their back, but also to prevent a potential war. “China…

The Japanese Air Force Needs an Upgrade – Foreign Policy

Japanese leaders will soon need to make a decision that will fundamentally shape their nation’s security: the replacement of their aging F-2 fighter aircraft. One overarching threat sets the bar for Japan: China. Beijing’s increasingly aggressive actions throughout the Pacific, backed by rapid and cutting-edge military buildup, leave no margin for error. Japan must respond to this threat by defending its interests through robust deterrence, while also cultivating the capabilities it would need to win a war should conflict arise. That means investing in advanced fighter aircraft with radar-evading stealth…